Home

Remove file of commit git

Using git GUI can simplify removing a file from the prior commit. Assuming that this isn't a shared branch and you don't mind rewriting history, then run: git gui citool --amend You can un-check the file that was mistakenly committed and then click Commit. The file is removed from the commit, but will be kept on disk. So if you un-checked the file after mistakenly adding it, it will show in your untracked files list (and if you un-checked the file after mistakenly modifying it it will show. And in this post, we have seen the different ways to remove a commit in git. You can remove a commit from a branch, revert it from a central repo, remove it due to a bad message, or you can remove the commit message before pushing your changes Also you can retrieve and delete merged commits The git rm Command ¶ The git rm command removes specific files or a collection of files from a git repository. The primary function of git rm is removing tracked files from the staging area (also called index). The git rm is also used for deleting files from both the staging index and the working directory 3. Remove file from commit after push. Here as well we will be removing file using git rm. Here are some simple steps to remove a file from local as well as from the original repo. git rm FILE.txt. This will remove the git file from the local. git commit -m removes FILE.txt If you do not want to remove from local but just from the repo, use the following steps. git rm --cached FILE.tx

Remove files from Git commit - Stack Overflo

  1. Removing file from committed area requires 3 commands to be run, they are as follows- git reset --soft HEAD^1 Above will undo the latest commit. if you do git status you will see files in the staging area
  2. The easiest way to delete a file in your Git repository is to execute the git rm command and to specify the file to be deleted. $ git rm <file> $ git commit -m Deleted the file from the git repository $ git push Note that by using the git rm command, the file will also be deleted from the filesystem
  3. This command removes the file from all commits in all branches: git filter-repo --path <path to the file or directory> --invert-paths. Multiple paths can be specified by using multiple --path parameters. You can find detailed documentation here: https://www.mankier.com/1/git-filter-rep
  4. imal.html file from the repository and go from there until we push the deletion to the master origin
  5. This is because Git doesn't actually fully delete the file when you remove it from your working directory. It'll be stored in Git's history incase you want to restore it. Git's filter-branch to the rescue. Let's say in a previous commit you've accidentally added a 15MB photo of your CEO called ceo.jpg. To completely remove the file from the.
git - How to fix the error: bad signature 0x00000000 index

How to Remove a Commit in Git - iTechCod

Removing a commit from a branch. Goals. To learn to delete the branch's latest commits; Revert is a powerful command of the previous section that allows you to cancel any commits to the repository. However, both original and cancelled commits are seen in the history of the branch (when using git log command). Often after a commit is already made, we realize it was a mistake. It would be nice. In that case, the git reset command is what best suits your needs. Read more in our detailed post about how to reset to a previous revision. Undoing only a specific commit. A different scenario is when you want to revert the effects of a certain commit - without deleting any commits that came afterwards. This is a case for the git revert. It has happened to me more than once that I make a commit without verifying the changes I am committing. Time after that I review the commit and I notice that there is something in the commit that doesn't belong there. In those times what I want to do is make a patch with the changes of the commit, delete the commit, apply the patch and then redo the commit only with the changes I intended If you added a file in an earlier commit, you need to remove it from the repository's history. To remove files from the repository's history, you can use the BFG Repo-Cleaner or the git filter-branch command. For more information see Removing sensitive data from a repository If you commit without using the -m option, git will open your default text editor with a new file, which will include a commented-out list of all the files/changes that are staged in the commit. You then write your detailed commit message (the first line will be treated as the subject line) and the commit will be performed when you save/close the file

How to Remove Files from Git Commit - W3doc

  1. If you delete files they will appear in git status as deleted, and you must use git add to stage them. Another way to do this is using git rm command, which both deletes a file and stages it all with one command: git rm example.html to remove a file (and stage it) git rm -r myfolder to remove a folder (and stage it) Commit Files. 1. Enter this.
  2. If you want to remove a file from a commit, you can use git rm: git rm config_old.py. Once you have made the changes to a repository, you are ready to amend your commit. You can do this by using the -no-edit flag: git commit --amend --no-edit< This command will change the files in your last commit. It will not change the message associated with the commit because we have not used the -m flag.
  3. Recursively removing a file with git rm -r doesn't remove it from my local filesystem. It removes the file from the working directory history. git rm --cached <filename> doesn't remove a file from the working tree. It simply unstages the file and a subsequent commit ensures it is untracked by git. It removes the paths from file to the index
  4. The git rm command can be used to remove individual files or a collection of files. The primary function of git rm is to remove tracked files from the Git index. Additionally, git rm can be used to remove files from both the staging index and the working directory. There is no option to remove a file from only the working directory
  5. $ git commit --amend -CHEAD # Amend the previous commit with your change # Simply making a new commit won't work, as you need # to remove the file from the unpushed history as well ; Push your commits to your GitHub Enterprise Server instance: $ git push # Push our rewritten, smaller commit; Removing a file that was added in an earlier commit. If you added a file in an earlier commit, you need.

to unstage) deleted: lib/db.js $ git commit -m Removed db.js file [master cf191e4] Removed db.js file 1 file changed, 0 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-) delete mode 100644 lib/db.js Removing Multiple Files. Removing multiple files from a repo is very similar to the previous use-case of removing a single file. Depending on your preferred method, there are a few ways to do this. For example, you. In the second case, checkout the file from one commit before that: $ git checkout <deletion commit hash>~1 -- <filename> I deleted a file, committed and pushed. If you've already pushed your commit or commits to a remote, resetting and pushing again will cause problems, as the history of the local repository has essentially been rewritten. In this case, it is probably better to record a new. git reset --soft HEAD^ or. git reset --soft HEAD~1 Then reset the unwanted files in order to leave them out from the commit: git reset HEAD path/to/unwanted_file Now commit again, you can even re-use the same commit message: git commit -c ORIG_HEA

git reset --soft HEAD^ or. git reset --soft HEAD~1. If you want to modify the content of the file. Edit the file directly. Alterantively if you want to remove the file from the commit then use below command. git reset HEAD path/to/unwanted_file. Now commit again, you can even re-use the same commit message: git commit -c ORIG_HEA git checkout HEAD^ myfile # this revert the file to the last commit. git add myfile git commit --amend --no-edit In case you don't have a history or simply said: it was a new file. You need to remove it from history altogether. git rm --cached myfile git commit --amend --no-edit This is particularly useful when you have an open patch, and you. The git reset command can affect either the local disk state (what's in the real files on your computer), or the git metadata such as what commit HEAD points to, or both. You already did git reset --hard which does both and puts your working directory exactly to the state of a specific commit (and brings the HEAD pointer to the same place) Moving the mistakenly committed files back to the staging area from the previous commit, without canceling the changes done to them. This can be done by using git reset --soft HEAD^ or. git reset --soft HEAD~1. To leave that unwanted file just reset it using. git reset HEAD path/to/unwanted_file. Now you can commit those files. git commit -c. git rm <file_name> Once you press enter, your file will be removed and the message rm <file_name> will be displayed. Now, let's check the git status and the message it will give. Commit these changes. Now we will look at the same scenario but by removing the file without the help of Git. How to remove a file externally from Git Repositor

How to git remove file from commit after push or stagin

Remove files that should've been ignored. Scenario 3: make a commit and notice a stray directory or a file (for example .DS_Store) that should have been ignored in the first place, i.e.: make git forget already committed files. First, add the file to the project's .gitignore, and then neutralize the cache: $ git rm--cached < file-name > # Globbing is possible as usual $ git rm--cached *.lo The git filter-branch command and the BFG Repo-Cleaner rewrite your repository's history, which changes the SHAs for existing commits that you alter and any dependent commits. Changed commit SHAs may affect open pull requests in your repository. We recommend merging or closing all open pull requests before removing files from your repository To make our repository clean, we need to remove such files. To remove untracked files in Git, we use the git clean command. List All the Untracked Files and Directories . Before removing all the untracked files and directories, it is better to list all the untracked files and folders because once the files and directories are removed, it's difficult to restore them. To view all the untracked. How to remove committed files from Git version control. Create a .gitignore file, if you haven't already; Edit .gitignore to match the file/folder you want to ignore; Execute the following. The git reset command can allow changes to files and directories that have already been committed. The basic command to unstage a commit is the following: git reset [option] [commit] In [option] specify the type of reset being performed. In [commit] specify the name of the commit being reset

How to commit a file in Git . Although commit is a huge process and all of them cannot be discussed in the same tutorial. We will slowly progress in the coming tutorial. Committing the changes is a simple command in Git. Just type the following command. git commit -m This is my first commit As you can see the changes have been committed with the commit message This is my first commit. It instructs git to remove the files specified by the last argument. The argument -cached causes the files to be removed from the index, while -ignore-unmatch causes git always to exit with return code 0. This is needed for the git filter-branch to continue in case the commit does not contain any matching files. The last argument is the file/directory name to be removed. Shell. Toggle navigation. Home; Gateway; Print room manager; Glossary; Contact; Login; Search for # Remove the files from the index (not the actual files in the working copy) $ git rm -r --cached . # Add these removals to the Staging Area... $ git add . #and commit them! $ git commit -m Clean up ignored files Tip Ignoring Committed Files in Tower. In case you are using the Tower Git client, the app does the heavy lifting for you: when trying to ignore a file that is already tracked. The git reset command, on the other hand, reverts a repository back to its previous state by removing all commits between a certain range. So, if you run git reset and reference a previous commit, all commits between the current state of the repository and that commit will be deleted. Reverting a commit is often preferred over resetting a.

Remove single file from staging or from commit (Example

  1. git status — different file states Remove New Files from Staged Files. Staged files are those which go into your next commit. If you accidentally added files to the staged area, you can undo this by typing git restore --staged <file>, so in this case, it would be git restore --staged lib.c.The file lib.c would be moved again into the untracked area, because it is a completely new file
  2. Undo Last Git Commit with reset. The easiest way to undo the last Git commit is to execute the git reset command with the -soft option that will preserve changes done to your files. You have to specify the commit to undo which is HEAD~1 in this case. The last commit will be removed from your Git history. $ git reset --soft.
  3. git commit -m Updated Readme file This tells Git that you are committing to changes that you have added to it. You may recall from the first part of this series that it's important to add a message to explain what you did in your commit so you know its purpose when you look back at your Git log later. (We will look more at this topic in the next article.) Updated Readme file is the.
  4. The only time I've ever wanted to remove somthing from git is when i first put it there and realized oops, mistake. But git add I use all the time whenever i create a new file. Seams fine to me to not have a git remove. If you want it as a feature, throw up a feature request in the tracker
  5. Melançon on August 15, 2010 - 6:27pm . in . Public; note; Git; unstage; version control; git reset filename.txt. Will remove a file named filename.txt from the current index, the about to be committed area, without changing anything else. To undo git add . use.
  6. $ git checkout <commit_hash> -- <file> Comments (9) git. 9 Replies to Git - Revert File to Previous Commit Marta says: Reply. Tuesday April 30th, 2019 at 10:55 AM. Thanks! Munees Selvaraj says: Reply. Friday July 12th, 2019 at 08:42 AM. Thanks . ZHI DU says: Reply. Thursday August 15th, 2019 at 08:44 PM. thanks. walle says: Reply. Friday January 31st, 2020 at 09:28 PM. thank you. Waffs.
  7. To retrieve a single file from an old commit to your working copy, simply use: $ git checkout [revision_hash] [file_name] You can use the HEAD pointer as the [revision_hash] if you want to: HEAD - Points to the Last Commit on the current repository; HEAD^ - Last Commit - 1; HEAD^^ - Last Commit - 2; HEAD~10 - 10 commits behind of HEAD

How To Delete File on Git - devconnecte

github - How to remove file from Git history? - Stack Overflo

> git revert 8437fbaf > git commit These commands will undo the changes made in commit 8437fbaf and create a new commit on the branch. The original commit at commit_id is still in the Git history. Revert is flexible but it requires a branch history and commit identifiers to use. Review your history to find the commits you want to revert Remove sensitive files and their commits from Git... Remove sensitive files and their commits from Git history. 0 votes . 1 view. asked Jul 22, 2019 in Devops and Agile by humble gumble (20k points) I would like to put a Git project on GitHub but it contains certain files with sensitive data (usernames and passwords, like /config/deploy.rb for capistrano). I know I can add these filenames to.

I recently had to work with a Git repository whose modifications needed to be ported to another repo. Unfortunately, the repo had been created without a .gitignore file, so a lot of useless files (bin/obj/packages directories) had been commited. This made the history hard to follow, because each commit had hundreds of modified files If you just remove the credentials or the file itself and commit again, the credentials can be seen in the history easily. There are other o ptions like git-filter-branch but you need real good. When they fetch the new history you force pushed up, unless they do a git reset --hard @{u} on their branches or rebase their local work, git will think they have hundreds or thousands of commits with very similar commit messages as what exist upstream (but which include files you wanted excised from history), and allow the user to merge the two histories, resulting in what looks like two. Remove commit with password. Let's first find the id of our commit: git log --oneline --graph --decorate. Here is the output: I marked the id of our commit with a red rectangle. Now let's remove this commit. We need to reset our git repository to the commit which took place before our wrong commit. The id of the previous comment is 3e90065

Removing the file: prefix from the git clone directory, it is treated a literal part of the path, at least in the git service registry. If file: should be supported (or is supported for other uses of the git properties), disregard this and I can look into fixing the code in git service registry To remove the file from the staging area the command is : git rm--cached file-name. Added the file in the staging area. Unstaged the file from the staging area. The Local Repository: The Local. In case you have accidentally commited a delete on a file and later realized that you need it back. First find the commit id of the commit that deleted your file. git log --diff-filter=D --summary Will give you a sorted summary of commits which deleted files. Then proceed to restore the file by. git checkout 81eeccf~1 <your-lost-file-name> Below command very useful for remove or exclude files from git commit. update-index: Modifies the index or directory cache, this command will update your local git config index and it's not updated remote repository, it will update the only your local branch -assume-unchanged: Set -assume-unchanged to a path to exclude to check on git commit and it will exclude your file from git.

Video: 4 Ways to Remove Files from Git Commit Histor

How can I remove a large file from my commit history

  1. Learn from Remove files from Git commit. I am learning to use git to manage my project. Once I need to add many files, so I directly use git add -a to add all of them. But I added one file whose filesize is larger than 100M. When I push my commit, it shows File XXX is 190 MB; this exceeds github's file size limit of 100 MB
  2. In Git, we can use git reset HEAD -- 'files/folders/patterns' to remove files or folders from the staging area (Changes to be committed). 1. Case Study. git add some unwanted target/*.java files, still in the staging, haven't committed yet
  3. I want to remove hard code file path in a single file in a previous commit without having to rollback the other files changed in that commit. How Press J to jump to the feed. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Log In Sign Up. User account menu. 2. Removing a file from pushed commit. Close. 2. Posted by 1 year ago. Archived. Removing a file from pushed commit.
  4. When Git Goes Wrong, continued.. I added too many files to a commit. Suppose you have made changes to a few files: $ git status On branch master Changes not staged for commit: (use git add <file>... to update what will be committed) (use git checkout -- <file>... to discard changes in working directory) modified: bar modified: foo no changes added to commit (use git add and/or git.
  5. # remove the incorrectly added file git rm somefile.orig # commit the amended merge git commit -amend # go back to the master branch git checkout master # replant the master branch onto the corrected merge git rebase tmpfix # delete the temporary branch git branch -d tmpfix. Also, in my case this thread at stackoverflow was highly useful. I start enjoying the concise and compact style of.
  6. Here's an example of using it to remove all blobs bigger than 1 megabyte - as you can see it 's pretty simple:$ bfg -strip-blobs-bigger-than 1M my-repo.git(It might be that you actually have some /useful/ files bigger than 1MB, so by default The BFG protects all files in your latest commit, so you only lose the old unused files, that you no longer require.

$ git reset --soft HEAD^ HEAD^ means go back one commit from where HEAD is now. This will get you to the state just before the last commit. If you do a git status you will see that your changes are there just as they where before you staged them. 2. To remove a commit you have already pushed: This is slightly tricky. There are safe and unsafe. Git If you have accidentally staged and committed files did you did not intend to, perhaps using git commit -a , and you have not pushed them to a shared repo, you can undo that like so... # Reset to HEAD - 1 commit git reset --soft HEAD~1 # Remove the file(s) you do not want to include in this commit. git reset HEAD path/to/unwanted_file # Commit the files still staged. git commit -m Commit.

3 Ways to Undo last Commit in Git [With Examples

Sometimes, when working with Git, you may want to undo the latest commit. A commit is a snapshot of a Git repository at a given time. Git has a reference variable called HEAD that points to the latest commit in the current working branch. To undo a commit, all you need to do is point the HEAD variable to the previous snapshot.. This guide explains how to undo the last Git commit This article demonstrates how to discard undesired, unstaged changes to tracked files in a git repository with git checkout so that they do not wind up in your next commit. To discard changes t Enter git-forget-blob # Completely remove a file from a git repository history # # Copyleft 2017 by Ignacio Nunez Hernanz <nacho _a_t_ ownyourbits _d_o_t_ com> # GPL licensed (see end of file) * Use at your own risk! # # Usage: # git-forget-blob file_to_forget # # Notes: # It rewrites history, therefore will change commit references function git-forget-blob() {   git repack -A   ls. Thus the BFG assumes that your latest commit is a good one, with none of the dirty files you want removing aggressive $ git push. Now we check if our commits on github have changed: Here we.

Git Ready - Squashing Commits Both of these steps remove things permanently from a remote Git repository. If anyone has something checked out that you delete here, they will be really mad. Other than that, these are safe, and useful things to do. Removing all traces of a file that should never have been in there comes up from time to time. Obviously, this isn't always ideal, since you often have files in your repository that you don't want to ever commit (think build log files, secret files, `node_modules`, etc.). In these cases, you can create a `.gitignore` file. The git add command will always check this file when attempting to stage changes. If the file Git is attempting. If you need to remove an entire folder, you have to remove all files in it recursively. git rm -r --cached <folder> The removal of the file from the head revision will happen on the next commit. WARNING: While this won't remove the actual file from your local, it will remove the files from other developer's machines on the next git pull. 0. 0 . vinoy. 1 month ago . First, remove all of the.

How To Unstage Files on Git - devconnecte

How to remove the .idea folder from git If you've inadvertently committed the .idea folder to your git repo, and don't want it in there, it's an easy change to revert. Note: These instructions should work for any JetBrains product-IntelliJ, WebStorm, etc. Blacklist the .idea folder by adding the .idea folder to the .gitignore file in master, then commit this change. In your. git checkout --orphan newBranch git add -A # Add all files and commit them git commit git branch -D master # Deletes the master branch git branch -m master # Rename the current branch to master git push -f origin master # Force push master branch to github git gc --aggressive --prune=all # remove the old files This comment has been minimized. Sign in to view. Copy link Quote reply hennott. You'll need to add a pre-commit script file inside the .git/hooks folder. Here is the script to enforce these conditions: For syntax purposes, this Gist is written with the sh file extension Remove a file you accidentally committed in your last commit (but haven't pushed yet) I have a habit of committing everything with git add . so sometimes I accidentally add files that I actually want to have in a separate commit. To remove certain files from a commit that hasn't been pushed yet, first, undo the last commit with

Missionary Update: Difren Family - SCORE International

Deleting a git commit - Clock Limite

Commit 1 -> Commit 2 -> Commit 3 -> Commit 4 -> Commit 5 (master) I also have a branch that goes off from commit 5 -> Commit 6 (myBranch) In this example, only commit 3 has the file I want to remove, it doesn't show up anywhere else If you do not have hundreds of commits already. You can follow the steps mentioned below. WARNING: This should be used with care! It also removes the configuration of the repo. Step 1. Remove all history $ cd myrepo $ rm -rf .git Step 2. Init a new repo $ git init $ git add . $ git commit -m Removed history, due to sensitive data Step 3. Push. But still these files are in git history, so every clone of repository will fetch these files history which consumes time, bandwidth and disk space. Let's check way to clean up the git repository for deleted files. Make sure you take a backup copy of local repository for anything that goes wrong in your case. git filter-branch. Use git filter-branch command to remove a file from all. It will remove the file from Git working tree as well as file system. To keep the file in the file system and just removing it from working tree: $ git rm -cached footer.php. For removing a directory: $ git rm -r folder_name. For example, if our directory name is images: $ git rm -r images. Again, this command removes the directory from Git working tree as well as file system For. Instead of looking at every commit to decide whether it touched the file, Git will omit a whole branch if that branch, when merged, did not impact the final contents of the file. Any commits on the branch that touched the file will not be shown. For a file's commit history, GitHub explicitly follows this simple strategy. It makes the history simpler by removing commits that didn't contribute.

How to remove a file from the previous commit? — GIT

i tried using git reset HEAD but the files keep showing up. I am about to commit files for another task. [Screenshot] ( ) Press J to jump to the feed. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Log In Sign Up. User account menu. 2. How do i remove files from the changes not staged for commit area but keep them tracked with the edits still applied? Close. 2. Posted by 3. git add {file} git commit --amend --no-edit. The --no-edit command means you don't want to change the commit message. You can also omit this if you want to change the description of the commit. Reordering commits with interactive rebasing. Let's say: You do some work in users.js and you commit it with Improve user logic You do some work in README.md and you commit it with Explain. git remove file from commit 'git rm-rf'다음에 단계적이지만 커밋되지 않은 파일을 복구합니다. (2) 시도해 봤어? git reset --hard ? 희망은 작동 :) 로컬 컴퓨터에서 폴더에서 파일을 제거했습니다. git init git add --all 그때 나는 썼다 (나에게 묻지 마라, 왜! :)) git rm -rf 나는 아직하지 않는다. 이제 프로젝트에서 빈.

On undoing, fixing, or removing commits in git

It can also be used to set the git push arguments (see the paragraph below for more info) # Default: true push: false # The arguments for the `git rm` command (see the paragraph below for more info) # Default: '' remove: './dir/old_file.js ' # Whether to use the --signoff option on `git commit` (only `true` and `false` are accepted) # Default: false signoff: true # Arguments for the git tag. Rather than removing all files and directories that are untracked by single clean command, you may choose which file or directory to remove. This is shown in the above examples; by using the clean command with -i or -interactive option Git reset is similar to when you checkout a file using the checkout command. The only difference is that when you reset a file, git removes that file from staging area but keep the changes in the working directory. git reset HEAD file_name. The above command resets the file in the staging area to the way it was after your last commit. However. In this post, I'm going to show you how to add and remove files - or, in git lingo, stage and unstage files. Let's get an idea of what it means to stage (or unstage) your changes in a git repository. There are three primary reasons you might need to stage a file: When you make a change to a tracked file (a file that has previously been committed to the repository. wsf = !git commit -mTemp && git stash && git rebase HEAD~ --whitespace=fix && git reset --soft HEAD~ && git stash pop To explain what is going on here: Commit your currently staged files Stash any uncommitted changes Rebase your last commit (from step 1) and remove any whitespace changes. Reset back to your previous commit, but keep changes in the index. Pop your previously uncommitted changes.

Yeudy Martinez Reynoso - SCORE InternationalNinetech grundades 1993 av nio tekniker — NinetechUSA Summer Outreach - SCORE InternationalNinetech besökte NordicCesar Samuel Santo Reyes - SCORE InternationalVåra medarbetare — NinetechMedical Needs in the DR - SCORE International
  • Pesamment synonyme.
  • Sfr thd premium.
  • Glee saison.
  • Maison a vendre tring jonction.
  • Lire disque dur mac sur pc.
  • La depeche avis de deces.
  • Aire camping car colmar alsace.
  • Terroir definition.
  • Comment utiliser une hotte inclinée.
  • Houppa mariage.
  • Fatigue permanente causes.
  • Reglement interieur type location saisonniere.
  • Euro symbole.
  • Résumé chicago fire saison 6.
  • Mécanisme d'horloge à quartz avec balancier.
  • Magasin musique vieux lyon.
  • Record 50 m course.
  • Rousseau citation desir.
  • Distributivité racine carré.
  • Centre de messagerie sur asus.
  • Ocytocine supplement.
  • Austin racing s1000xr.
  • Je deviens folle stress.
  • Durée vol san francisco paris.
  • Turtle beach x12 ps4.
  • Symbolique du chat en peinture.
  • Expressions populaires avec le mot pomme.
  • Fake case opening cs go.
  • Document d enregistrement synonyme.
  • Formation chablon.
  • Seche serviette atlantic voyant rouge clignote.
  • Passage piéton thermocollé.
  • Migrate silex to flex.
  • Magasin salle de bain pas cher.
  • Danser en fin de grossesse.
  • Comptine d'un autre ete partition.
  • Conseils sexologues pdf.
  • Sissi italie.
  • Parquet pont de bateau salon.
  • Pompe arrosage solaire.
  • Les meilleurs fonds de vc.